Xanthines or xanthine alkaloids are plant alkaloids and components of coffee, tea, and chocolate. The most common xanthines are caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline.
Xanthines are micronutrients.
Caffeine is the most known xanthine alkaloid. It is a mild stimulant drug 🗗 found in tea, coffee, cocoa, and the kola nut. Theophylline and theobromine are mild cardiac stimulants.
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What Are Xanthines Used For?
Xanthines are well-known components of tea, coffee, cola ingredients, and cocoa.
Xanthines are used in healthcare all over the world to prevent and treat apnea of premature infants 🗗. Because of its ability to stimulate the central nervous system and respiratory muscle function.
The xanthines have minor side effects 🗗, like anxiety, nervousness, tremor, headache, dizziness. But xanthines are mostly well tolerated. Therefore it is used to treat asthma and chronic bronchitis.
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant. For centuries have the stimulant effects of caffeine on the central nervous system, been known. Caffeine is universally available, legal, and socially accepted as the world's most widely consumed psychoactive drug.
Learn more about caffeine and see the research behind it in our article: What Is Caffeine? A Psychoactive Drug
Caffeine consumption is associated with a significantly lower risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases 🗗, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.
Check out all the benefits caffeine has and its side-effects in our article: Caffeine: 6 Research-Backed Benefits & 2 Side-Effects
Theobromine is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant. It’s mostly found in chocolate and cocoa beans. Theobromine is safe to consume and has fewer unwanted effects than caffeine.
Learn more about theobromine and see the research behind it in our article: What Is Theobromine?
Theobromine has many potential health benefits. For instance, theobromine is useful in asthma and other respiratory tract problems 🗗 such as cough.
Read about all the amazing benefits theobromine possesses in our article: Theobromine: 11 Research-Backed Benefits