Phytosterols are plant-derived sterols that are similar in structure and function to cholesterol.
Because phytosterols are structurally similar to the body's cholesterol, when they are consumed they compete with cholesterol for absorption in the digestive system.
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Phytosterols Are Plant Sterols
Phytosterols are bioactive compounds found in foods of plant origin, which can be divided into plant sterols and plant stanols.(source 🗗)
Stanols are hydrogenated products of sterols.
Phytostanols are almost identical to phytosterols in structure, but are fully saturated.(source 🗗)
Phytosterols In The Body
All phytosterols in human blood and tissue are derived from the diet because, in contrast to cholesterol, humans cannot synthesize phytosterols. (source 🗗)
Examples Of Phytosterols
- Stigmasterol Is used as a food additive
- Campesterol Might have anticarcinogenic effects
- Campestanol Is a weak basic compound
- Brassicasterol Mostly found in marine algae and fish
- beta-Sitosterol Is found in almost all plants
- beta-Sitostanol Is the most common stanol
Foods You Can Find Phytosterols In
You find Phytosterols mostly in fats and oil, nut and seed, snack, and spices and herb products.
Examples of food sources include
- Rice Bran Oil
- Sesame Oil
- Whole Sesame Seeds
- Wheat Germ Oil
- Sunflower Seed Kernels
- Safflower Oil
Foods That Contain Phytosterols In Our Nutrition Tool
You can find regularly updated top ranked lists of foods for over 200+ nutrients in our nutrition tool.
If you are interested in what foods contain the most Phytosterols we recommend you visit our tool.
Here's our top ranked list of foods that contain Phytosterols.